Thanks to all of you for support of this big event. If you have any questions, contact Fran Saliger at ... plants, antiques, furniture, yard art, birdhouses, mowing services, landscaping services, quilted items, baked goods, jewelry, weekend getaway
2 Shady or partially shaded sites are ideal for fibrous rooted begonias, fancy leaf caladiums, impatiens and coleus. Last summer I …
1 As the Garden Grows A Publication of the Gonzales Master Gardeners Gonzales, Texas October 2015 Volume 5, Issue 10 Gardening on Mars? (Submitted by Gail Johnson) So, I guess you heard the big news—there is flowing water on Mars
1 As the Garden Grows A Publication of the Gonzales Master Gardeners Gonzales, Texas June 2012 Volume 2, Issue 6 ... or learn something new from Cynthia!
1 As the Garden Grows A Publication of the Gonzales Master Gardeners Gonzales, ... We have completed the Gonzales third grade black walnut seed-planting program, a
special way in which you want to contribute, then let the board of directors know. They will help you ... 3 Grants and Awards Committee ... trainees are eligible to call themselves Certified Specialists after they have completed a number of
He will be traveling to Mobile, Alabama this month to ... best they can be. 3 Adult Education ... member meeting which will mean that we will have a very short business meeting so we will have time for the program. I am looking for a good topic now—s
1 As the Garden Grows A Publication of the Gonzales Master Gardeners Gonzales, Texas March 2013 Volume 3, Issue 3 Spring Plant Sale Around the Corner
Meetings were also held to discuss the programs to be held at ... a small clump can easily increase to two feet wide or more in a ... mingle, and ask questions with local gardeners; club business begins at 7 p.m., followed by the guest speaker's pres
hauling, and turning/mixing mushroom compost into the existing soil around 10 a.m. While working, Fran commented that it sure would have been a good idea to contact ISF about working the compost into the soil and Arline agreed
As the Garden Grows A Publication of the Gonzales Master Gardeners Gonzales, Texas March 2015 Volume 5, Issue 3 We’ve Come A Long Way!! (submitted by Fran Saliger)
Spring Plant Sale 2011on Confederate Square
Spring Plant Sale 2014 on Texas Heroes Square
As we await the Fifth Spring Plant Sale for Gonzales Master Gardener’s, I find myself reflecting on the way we have grown and learned about plant sales and growing plants. We could not have accomplished this without all of our great Gonzales Master Gardener’s and students. It has been a privilege to work with so many hardworking people within our organization. A BIG THANK YOU from the bottom of my heart! This will be the best year so far! The Herb Team has over 12 flats of herbs in the Greenhouse. The Vegetable Team has grown over 500 vegetable plants. There about 1000 home grown perennials, native and adapted plants, houseplants and succulents in the Greenhouse. That is truly amazing. Thank you one and all! As the date, Saturday, March 21, draws near, there is still a lot to be accomplished. Please continue to collect box flats and deliver to the GH, FSB or Texas Heroes Square on Friday, March 20. We are in need of baked goods and another volunteer for the food booth (contact Joyce Soefje) and donations for the Silent Auction (contact Arline).
Just a few date reminders:
March 16-trip to Maldonado Nurseries March 17 & 18- Prepare plants in GH for move to THS March 19-trip to C & J Nursery March 20-set up for plant sale on THS March 21-Plant Sale Any questions-call Fran at 830-672-2953 or 839-203-0311.
A Persistent Problem for Indoor Plants Fungus Gnats by Dr. Carlos Bogran, Assistant Professor, Department of Entomology and Scott Ludwig, Extension Program Specialist in IPM, Texas A&M University (Jan-Feb 2014 Horticulture Update) While fungus gnats are not generally viewed as key pests, their immature stages can cause severe damage to plant cuttings and seedlings. Fungus gnats are small flies (Sciaridae) that resemble mosquitoes (Figure 1). Adult fungus gnats are gray to black, 1/8-inch long, slender and very delicate. They have long legs and one pair of clear wings. Adult fungus gnats are generally seen flying close to the potting media. Immature gnats are white legless larvae with a shiny black head capsule and may reach 1/4 inch in length before pupation (Figure 2). Pupae occur in silk-like cocoons in the soil. Figure 1: Typical fungus gnat Fungus gnats lay their eggs on the soil surface or on plant tissue in contact with the soil. However, they generally lay more eggs on decomposing plant tissue than on healthy tissue. Females may lay up to 100 to 300 eggs in their 7-10 day lifetime. Larvae hatch from eggs 3 to 5 days after oviposition. Several generations may overlap during a growing season. Larvae feed on organic matter in the potting medium but may also feed on small plant roots and root hairs. The larvae are capable of burrowing into the plant stem at or below the soil line. Fungus gnats are especially damaging to seedlings where they can cause the destruction of the entire root system. Direct damage to roots may cause wilting even when plants are being properly watered. In addition to their feeding damage, fungus gnats are capable of introducing and spreading plant pathogens that cause damping off, Verticillium and Fusarium wilt, and root and stem rots. Large populations of fungus gnat adults can also be a nuisance. Managing fungus gnats starts with good sanitation practices and prevention tactics.
It is important to remove plant debris, old potting media, and any diseased plants from growing areas. These may become the source of future problems.
Avoid using potting media containing organic matter that has not been completely composted as it creates ideal conditions for fungus gnat development and population buildup. Keep growing areas well drained and avoid overwatering; moist conditions are required for fungus gnat survival. Eliminating algae from underneath benches or other surfaces may also help reduce populations.
Fungus gnat damage may be prevented with timely detection and regular scouting efforts. A good monitoring program will help detect fungus gnat populations when they are at low levels, and will help in assessing control effectiveness. Adults may be monitored using yellow sticky cards near the surface of the potting medium. Sticky cards need to be checked and replaced weekly. Larvae may be monitored using potato disks (1-inch diameter, ¼ to ½ inch thick). Press a potato disk into the medium and check for larvae on the underside of the disk the next day. There are several biological and chemical control options available to manage fungus gnats. Commercially available Steinernema nematodes, the predatory mite Hyposaspis miles and the biological insecticide Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies israelensis provide effective control of larvae. Insecticide applications may be warranted under heavy fungus gnat infestations and usually involve surface sprays against adults and drench applications to the media against larvae. Always read and follow directions on product label.
Figure 2: Gnat larvae
Note: (This material appeared in the web periodical Horticulture Update, Drs. William C. Welch and Douglas F. Welsh, Editors, Department of Extension Horticulture, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas)
Is New Pesticide the Cure for Colony Collapse Disorder? (Submitted by Gail Johnson)
Fran sent me a really cheery article from the American Bee Journal announcing what sounded like exciting news about the release of a new pesticide, flupyradifurone, said to be so benign to honey bees that they can literally eat it with no toxic effect. Of course, Fran knows me and she knows I’m a skeptic about just about everything and she also knows that I have been following the argument over colony collapse disorder in bees for a long time. A number of years ago, beekeepers (particularly those that keep big numbers of commercial colonies used to pollinate a huge variety of the crops we all depend on) noticed that their colonies were just disappearing. They opened the lids of the hives and the bees were just gone. The ensuing mystery to uncover the cause of what came to be known as colony collapse disorder reached a fever pitch quick. No parasites, infections, predators, or visible cause
could be found. Finally, attention turned to a new class of crop pesticides that had come on the market, called “neonics”. Derived from nicotine, neonics were a powerful new weapon with few known problems. But research in Europe showed that when exposed to neonics, some worker bees no longer seemed to be able to find their way back the hive from foraging expeditions. They literally just got lost. The ensuing dust up resulted in neonic bans in Europe. And the battle over neonics continues. Enter flupyradifurone, registered by the EPA for a large number of crops such as citrus, cotton, and potatoes for use against piercing and sucking insects such as aphids, whiteflies, thrips, and psyllids. But critics say the research on its toxicity is woefully inadequate. Research used by the EPA, they claim, focuses on immediate toxicity, but flupyradifurone, the critics say, is persistent, lasting up to 300 days in the environment and in water columns and accumulating in nectar and pollen. The first exposure is not toxic, the critics say, but the substance becomes more toxic after the second exposure and even more toxic after the third. They claim the timing of maximum residues in comb pollen, nectar and wax varied but generally occurred one week to several months after the second application. In short, yes, the bees can drink it the first time they encounter it but from then on, all bets are off. As Master Gardeners, we are frequently asked about many different subjects and we have a responsibility to be sure that the information we provide is both accurate and delivered with a healthy level of respect for the fact that it appears that science really doesn’t know all we want it to. So, perhaps when someone tells you about the great news out from the American Bee Journal, you might want to mention that much of this research is hotly disputed and the jury appears to still be out. Even organizations with very good intentions may not have all the facts. But be assured that you won’t be finding flupyradifurone at your local big box store. It’s presently not labeled for home use.
Planting the Children’s Garden Waiting a whole month to plant seeds with the first graders was really worth it! The weather was sunny and breezy on Thursday, February 26, with a fresh norther blowing in just as we began planting. The teachers and students had been informed that jackets would be necessary and indeed they came prepared. This was the first time for two classes to be planting in the same time frame. Twenty minutes passed quickly as a Master Gardener volunteer assisted each team of students with planting radish, spinach, lettuce, and carrot seeds in checkerboard-fashion in their half of a raised bed. The students completed the activity by placing their specially-designed plant markers in the garden bed to identify what seeds they had planted. Since February 26 had originally been scheduled as a visit to the garden, a new date for visiting will now have to be scheduled with the East Avenue Primary administrative staff. Perhaps on that visit marigolds could be planted in the empty planting spaces. When a date is selected, the MG membership will be notified by email. Thanks to Master Gardener volunteers Shirley, Jennifer, Fran, Charlotte, Gail, Cindy G., Cheryl, Nancy, Pam, and Arline for participating in the planting session. There have been some good rains since planting so now we wait for green sprouts to begin poking through the soil surface.
Second Grade Update (Submitted by Gail Johnson)
Second graders were over at Fair Street in February to learn more about the parts of a plant. Session 3 is always a big hit as students learn about the jobs of roots and stems and the circulation of nutrients and water through plants. A good garden weed makes an effective lab subject for studying roots but the big hit is always the celery, loaded with red food dye to show the vessels in roots and stems. Students carefully examined those amazing red tubes. And then there’s that white carnation that goes back to class with their teacher. Last year, our students told us at the next session that every one of them turned green!
Our last session for the year with Second Grade will be April 16 when we will discover the reason for a flower.
New Name for The Fair Street Building It has been suggested that we come up with a name for the Fair Street Building or FSB as we call it. The original name of “Exploratorium” was revoked because of trademark infringement (see the newsletter January 2013, Volume 3, Issue 1). After that, the building became known as FSB for lack of a better name. The hope is to come up with a better name! So far, the name “A Center for Exploring” submitted by Shirely Frazier and “Plantatorium” submitted by Nick Wentworth have been suggested. If you have a suggestion please submit it to Fran Saliger and we will take a vote at the next Noon MG meeting on April 2, 2015.
Volunteer Opportunity A volunteer is needed to take care of the grounds around the building and greenhouse. Duties would include weeding the flowerbeds, keeping weeds out of the rock beds, picking up trash and general tidying up. This does not include mowing which is performed by GISD. Sandy Llewellyn suggested doing this on a month-by-month rotation. There will be a signup sheet on the bulletin board at FSB or contact Fran Saliger, Volunteer coordinator.
Volunteer Hours Report for February 2015 Twenty-Two Master Gardeners and students turned in 243.5 volunteer hours and 32 CEU’s for February 2015. The Eggelston Children’s Garden Program continued with 240 first grade students planting radish, lettuce, carrot and spinach seeds in their gardens on February 26. On February 12, 240 Second graders continued their study of the Parts of a Plant at the Master Gardener building. Gail Johnson spoke to 28 members of the Spade and Trowel Garden Club on “Twenty Great Herbs for South Central Texas”. She also presented a class on “Vermiculture” to 76 members of the Victoria Master Gardeners.
Monthly GMGs Meeting Our next monthly GMG meeting will be held April 2, 2015 at noon. Cheryl Hillman and Pam St.John will be serving lunch. Come early or stay late to visit with your fellow Master Gardeners. If anyone has a gardening idea or wants to talk about a particular plant or gardening subject bring it before the group at our meetings. If you have an interesting plant to share with us, bring it for the door prizes.
Using Everything but the Kitchen Sink (Submitted by Shirley Frazier)
Effective control for some plant diseases are as close as your kitchen. A little aspirin if your plants have a headache thanks to bugs goes a long way. This would apply to creatures like aphids or spider mites. Just dissolve a few aspirin in water and drench the plants every two or three weeks. The salicylic acid is the healer in aspirin. To treat black spot on roses, a fungal disease, remove and dispose of damaged leaves. Be sure to clean up under the bushes and mulch to prevent the soil from splashing up on the bush. To prevent or treat the fungus
7 use baking soda- 1 Tbs. baking soda, 1 tsp. of vegetable oil or mild dish soap, to 1 gal. of water. This will control black spot, white powdery mildew, and brown patch and other fungal diseases. Another classic to control fungal diseases is garlic. Use the whole bulb. Smash individual cloves and put them and the rest of the bulb into a gallon of water. Set this soak for a while. When ready to use, strain and put into a sprayer. This is very good at controlling diseases. Hydrogen peroxide is a disease fighter. Use 8 ounces to 1 gallon of water. Be conservative when using hydrogen peroxide because it may burn the plant. Milk does more than build healthy bones, it is a great fungicide since it is acidic. One cup of milk to 9 cups of water makes a spray that prevents powdery mildew on grapes, squash, and melons. Use undiluted milk to clean tools. Lots of research has shown that milk is more effective than chemicals. Don’t pour that old milk own the drain.
Plant of the Month (Submitted by Brenda Thompson)
'Texas Gold' Columbine Aquilegia chrysantha hinckleyana Evergreen, clump-forming perennial Attributes: attracts hummingbirds attracts butterflies xeriscapic deer resistant Texas native Foliage Persistence: evergreen Annual or Perennial?: perennial Exposure: part sun, partial shade, shade Flower Color: Yellow Blooming Period: Spring, summer, fall Height: 2 feet Width: 2 feet Heat Tolerance: very high Water Requirements: low Additional Comments: Tolerates some salt in the soil, Texas Native and Texas Superstar
Area Events (Submitted by Brenda Thompson)
La Grange: Bill Adams will lead "Vegetable Gardening," noon-12:50 p.m., March 12, at the Fayette County Agricultural Building, 255 Svoboda Lane, La Grange. For additional information, call 979-9685831 or visit http://fayette.agrilife.org. San Antonio: Ruben Villarreal will bring Archi's Acres to San Antonio when he speaks at the San Antonio Herb Society's March meeting. This organization was founded in California and featured in Organic Gardening magazine last year to help train people in organic hydroponic herb growing and drive a national change toward sustainable organic gardening. Meeting will be held Thursday, March 12, starting at 6:30 p.m. at the San Antonio Garden Center, 3310 N New Braunfels. Free and open to the public. For additional information, call 210-826-6860 or [email protected] The Woodlands: Helicopters in flight, hummingbirds delight the eye! Discover the antics and charm of nature's jewels at Hummingbirds 101: Everything you wanted to know about hummingbirds and more on Thursday, March 12 at 7:30 p.m. Cliff Shackelford, non-game ornithologist with Texas Parks & Wildlife Department, reveals the latest information on the hummingbirds of Texas and the habitat that brings them here. This free program of The Woodlands Township will be held in the L.G.I. Lecture Hall at McCullough Junior High School, 3800 S. Panther Creek Drive. For more information, visit Walk in the Woods Nature Lecture or call 281-210-3800. Austin: "Using Native Plants in the Landscape" will be presented 10 a.m. to noon March 12 at Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service-Travis Co, 1600-B Smith Road, Austin. Native Texas plants bring beauty and function to your garden while being well adapted to handle Texas' blazing summers, drought, and other weather extremes. In addition to being water-wise, native plants provide great benefits to pollinators and birds. 4-H CAPITAL's gardening specialist and Texas Master Naturalist Meredith O'Reilly will guide you in choosing the right natives for your yard and your garden goals. Cost: $10/seminar for early registration; $15/seminar for late or on-site. To register, visit https://agriliferegister.tamu.edu/TravisCounty. Canyon Lake: The Lindheimer Chapter of the Native Plant Society of Texas will meet on Tuesday, March 17, at 7 p.m. The meeting will be held at the GVTC Auditorium, 36101 FM 3159, Canyon Lake. The program, "Texas Wildflowers," will be presented by Craig Hensley from Texas Parks and Wildlife. Craig is the Park Ranger at Guadalupe State Park, and very knowledgeable about local wildflowers. For more information, visit www.npsot.org/wp/lindheimer. Seabrook: On Wednesday, March 18, Paul Winski, Harris County Extension Agent-Horticulture, will present an educational program on Texas Superstars at 10 a.m., in the Meeting Room at Clear Lake Park, 5001 NASA Parkway, Seabrook. Details: https://hcmga.tamu.edu. San Antonio: Dr. Dotty Woodson, Water Resource Program Specialist, Texas AgriLife Research & Extension Center - Dallas willl present "Carnivorous Plants," Thursday, March 19, 6-8:30 p.m. 1.5 CEUs for MGs. Free. Bexar County Master Gardners Meeting begins with a social time at 6pm followed by the special presentation at 6:30pm at the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Office, Suite 208, 3355 Cherry Ridge, Suite 208, San Antonio. Topic: You don't have to be a kid to be fascinated
by plants that eat bugs! Learn all kinds of interesting information about Carnivorous Plants. Contact information: Barbara Lutz, BCMG President, at [email protected] or call 210-467-6575. Round Top: The 20th Annual Plant and Gift Sale sponsored by the Herb Society of America (Pioneer Unit) will take place March 20-21: plants and gifts for sale, Friday 9 a.m.-5 p.m., Saturday 8 a.m.-5 p.m., Round Top Festival Hill, 248 Jaster Road, Round Top, free admission For additional information, visit www.herbsocietypioneer.org. San Antonio: San Antonio Garden Center is hosting their popular Annual Plant Sale Friday, March 20 and Saturday, March 21, from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. each day at 3310 N. New Braunfels @ Funston, San Antonio. Admission is free. The plant sale features a wide variety of drought tolerant native plants, perennials, bedding plants, flowers and herbs - all from local growers. For more information, visit SanAntonioGardenCenter.org or call 21- 824-9981. Tomball: Jeremy Kollaus will present "Edible for the Landscape and Containers," Wednesday, March 25, at The Arbor Gate, 15635 FM 2920, Tomball. For additional information, email [email protected] or visit www.arborgate.com. Huntsville: Herb Festival at the Wynne Home will be held Saturday, March 28, 8 a.m.-2 p.m., at 1428 Eleventh Street, Huntsville. Sponsored by the Texas Thyme Unit of the Herb Society of America. Herb, butterfly and hummingbird, camellias and citrus plants for sale. Herbal and garden vendors, artists, musicians, food, and children's activities. Speakers: Bill Varney of UrbanHERBAL, Dave Whitinger of Allthingsplants.com, and Master Gardener Bonney Kennedy. The Festival is FREE. For information, call 936-891-5024 or visit www.facebook.com/texasthymeunit. San Antonio: San Antonio Garden Center Clubs will meet Wednesday, April 1, at 10 a.m. at 3310 N. New Braunfels @ Funston, San Antonio. Well-known floral artist and teacher Henry DeLeon returns to the Garden Center, bringing his joyful exuberance and riotous color palette with him. In true "Fiesta Flores" style, DeLeon will demonstrate how to create fabulous floral designs at home, and audience members will have the opportunity to take away more than just ideas. Join the club for coffee at 9:30. Free and open to the public. For more information, visit SanAntonioGardenCenter.org or call 210824-9981. Seguin: On April 2 the Guadalupe County Master Gardeners will present a Lunch and Learn class on wildflowers from noon-1 p.m. Deedy Wright, a Guadalupe County Master Gardener and member of the Lindheimer Chapter of the Native Plant Society, will talk about Landscaping with Wildflowers. The program will be held the AgriLife Extension Office, 210 East Live Oak St., Seguin and is free and open to the public. Attendees are welcome to bring lunch, and free handouts will be available. For further information, visit www.guadalupecountymastergardeners.org or call AgriLife Extension in Seguin, 830-303-3889. Nacogdoches: On April 17-19, Stephen F. Austin State University will host the sixth Big Thicket and West Gulf Coastal Plain Science Conference. The focus of this year's plenary session will be "Watersheds and Waterflow" to be addressed by invited speakers. Dr. Francis "Ab" Abernethy, professor emeritus of English at Stephen F. Austin State University and editor emeritus of the Texas Folklore Society, and Dr. Kirk O. Winemiller, Regents Professor, Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences, Texas A&M University will give plenary presentations. The Science Conference provides a forum for scientists and resource managers to share their research in the West Gulf Coastal Plain
ecosystem, which comprises a variety of communities including southeastern pine forests, bottomland hardwood forests, and prairies. Check the conference website at www.bigthicket.org for additional information. Austin Area Events-for more events in the Austin Area, go to http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/travis/ San Antonio, Texas- for events in the San Antonio area got to http://www.bexarcountymastergardeners.org
2015 TMGA Conference If you haven't already registered, do so now! The 2015 Texas Master Gardener State Conference will be held in Belton, Texas on April 16-18, 2015! Your registration includes an interesting group of speakers on Thursday and Friday, your lunches on Thursday and Friday, the Roundup Social on Thursday evening, hospitality snacks and your conference tote bag. You will be able to register for optional tours, workshops, the Awards Banquet on Thursday evening as well as Friday breakfast. For more information, please visit the conference website.
The Signs of Spring
11 DATES TO REMEMBER: (Check elsewhere in newsletter for details) Place in a handy place to keep up to date on GMG events Unless otherwise noted, all meetings/classes are at 623 N. Fair Street (Fair Street Building)
Newsletter Articles Due
Maldonado Nursery 10am
MG ClassHome Food Production 8:30-12:30pm SPS work in Greenhouse 1:30 PM-??
WIC Garden 11 am
SPS work in Greenhouse 9:30-till finished
C & J Nursery 9:30 am
SPS set up 9am-???
SPRING PLANT SALE 8:30-1:00 PM
WIC Garden 11 AM
Volunteer Hours Due
2 Noon GMG Lunch Mtg.
MG ClassFruit Production, Jim Kamas 8:30-12:30 pm
21 MG Class- Trip to Wildflower Center
WIC Garden 11 AM
WIC Garden 11 AM Newsletter Articles Due
2nd GradeSession #4
WIC Garden 11 AM
24 WIC Garden 11 AM
Fair Street Building: 623 N. Fair Street-next to Gonzales Elementary School Children’s Garden: Corner of Moore and St. Lawrence St-next to Eggleston House WIC Garden: 628 St. George Street
1709 E. Sarah DeWitt Drive Gonzales, TX 78629 Phone: 830-672-8531 Fax: 830-672-8532 E-mail: [email protected] Web pages: http://gonzalesmastergardeners.org http://gonzales.agrilife.org
Extension programs serve people of all ages regardless of socioeconomic level, race, color, sex, religion, disability, or national origin. The Texas A&M University System, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the County Commissioners Courts of Texas cooperating. Individuals with disabilities who require an auxiliary aid, service or accommodations in order to participate in this meeting are encouraged to contact the County Extension Office at 830-672-8531 to determine how reasonable accommodations can be made. The information given herein is for educational purposes only. Reference to commercial products or trade names is made with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement by the Texas A & M AgriLife Extension